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InícioFASHION & BEAUTYDermatologist clarifies the main doubts about blackheads on the face

Dermatologist clarifies the main doubts about blackheads on the face

Let those who have never caught themselves looking in the mirror throw the first stone, with their fingers ready to squeeze that annoying clove on their face! These “marquinhas” on the skin are uncomfortable and go far beyond an aesthetic issue and involve, above all, health. 

Below, you can find an explanation from an expert and tips for taking care of blackheads and avoiding these skincare enemies.

What are blackheads on the face?

According to dermatologist Priscila Pavezzi , blackheads or comedones are lesions that characterize non-inflammatory acne. “The increase in the proliferation of keratinocytes (cells in the surface layer of the skin) and the decrease in skin peeling form small balls filled with sebum and keratin,” she explains.

Also according to the specialist, these little balls end up working as a “stopper” and obstruct the exit of the sebaceous glands, the pores. 

When the pores are dilated and this “cork” of keratin and sebum comes into contact with the air, oxidation of these substances occurs, which, together with other impurities such as pollution, rest of makeup, gives the black appearance to the blackhead – open comedone.

white carnations x black carnations

No matter the color, blackheads are something that usually bother people, who do everything to get rid of these little balls. 

But do you know the difference between white carnations and black carnations? Not? So, check out the explanation given by the doctor:

  • Blackheads: when the poles are dilated and the keratin “cork” comes into contact with the air, the oxidation of these substances occurs. Adding to this, other impurities, such as pollution, rest of makeup and among others, give the black appearance to the blackhead.
  • White carnations: this type of carnation occurs when the skin covers the outlet of the sebaceous gland, forming closed comedones, or popularly known as white carnations.

Hard to find someone who is free of unwanted carnations, isn’t it? The tip is always to observe the type that appears most on your skin and consult a specialist so that you can do the proper and correct treatment!

What causes blackheads on face?

According to the dermatologist, what causes blackheads on the face is “hyperkeratinization of the skin – increased proliferation of keratinocytes plus decreased desquamation – with subsequent obstruction of the follicle associated with excess production of sebum”.

Other carnation proliferation factors are: incorrect skin hygiene; use of certain cosmetics and certain medications; diseases associated with increased androgenic hormones and even the use of tiaras can contribute!

How to avoid blackheads on face?

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Image: Retrieved from Pinterest

Prevention is always the best way! Some daily care helps a lot to avoid blackheads on the face, such as washing the skin well and using it with cosmetics suitable for your skin type. 

Other treatments, such as peelings, can be performed whenever necessary with the consultation of a trusted and certified specialist. Check out the tips given by Priscila Pavezzi to avoid cloves!

  • Sanitize the skin with a suitable and mild cleansing gel;
  • Use of topical cosmetics that help control oiliness;
  • Topical medications for home use that improve cell hyperproliferation and skin peeling, such as retinoic acids;
  • Use of sunscreen with anti-oil action;
  • Remove make-up properly, especially before going to bed;
  • Avoid cosmetics that worsen follicular obstruction;
  • Treatments with superficial peelings or laser sporadically.

In summary, the main tip is to maintain a daily face care routine and always use products that are suitable for your skin type!

How to remove blackheads from face?

If you follow all the previous tips and still the blackheads persist, then it’s time to make an appointment with a specialist to learn the best procedure to remove these comedones. You can opt for skin cleansing with good products and never (ever!) squeeze at home, ok?

Skin cleansing

According to Priscila, blackheads can be extracted manually or with the help of appropriate instruments, by cleaning the skin with a trained professional. “In this procedure, heated steam and emollient substances are used that favor the momentary opening of pores and less aggressive extraction of comedones. 

Afterwards, other products are applied to minimize redness and adequately moisturize the skin”, he emphasizes.

Can you squeeze blackheads on your face?

Not! The dermatologist explains that doing this at home can lead to inflammation and infection and evolve with hyperchromic spots and even scars. 

“In addition, it is important to differentiate comedones from inflammatory acne lesions, which should not be manipulated”, he says.

Still according to the professional, if the comedones are not removed, the obstruction they cause in the exit of the sebaceous gland can lead to the accumulation of secretion and inflammation of the glands, “forming the reddish papules and pustules of inflammatory acne”.

That is, under no circumstances squeeze at home. The temptation can be great, but believe me, the consequences can be much worse than you think!

Myths and truths about blackheads on the face

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Image: Retrieved from Pinterest

When it comes to health, many truths and myths permeate the subjects. Of course, carnations are no exception to the rule. 

You’ve probably heard that they are little animals, right? But they are not! This and other myths were clarified by the doctor, check it out:

Is it true that the carnation is an “animal”?

Myth: But some bacteria can take advantage of the situation and inflame blackheads, such as Propionibacterium acnes.

Does washing your face often prevent blackheads?

Myth: Facial hygiene is important to control oiliness, but alone does not prevent blackheads. In the same way, washing your face many times will also not cause “rebound” and make the oiliness worse.

Blackhead only appears on oily skin?

Myth: Oiliness contributes to the appearance of blackheads and pimples, but even dry skin can have blackheads.

Does eating chocolate increase blackheads?

Truth: Not only too much chocolate, but all foods with a high glycemic index can contribute to comedogenic acne.

Does using blackhead remover patches solve the problem?

Myth: Patches most of the time can’t remove comedones, especially closed ones.

Fakenews has always existed, so it’s good to always be well-informed and seek the word and explanation of trusted experts in the area. After all, health is very important!

With specific care, you can reduce the presence of blackheads on your skin, but always remember to consult an area professional

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Brenda Rodrigues Carvalho
Brenda Rodrigues Carvalhohttps://crochechic.miraamelia.com.br/
I love to write content related to interior design and decoration, among other subjects, and I love to manage Social Networks / Graduated from the FAEL Faculty of Curitiba in Design / Lives in Curitiba / responsible for guidelines and content production and review.

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