Crochet was once seen as something only grandmas did. Today it is considered handicraft and many people are willing to learn the most diverse stitches to make crochet rugs and various handicrafts using the material.
The coolest thing of all is that crocheting helps to distract and also relieves stress, which can be great for those who need to find an activity to unwind a little.
Not to mention that there are several points that can be practiced, working not only with the hands but also encouraging the head to learn more about the technique. There the explanation of why crochet can be recommended for people who are stressed or suffer from anxiety.
If you want to learn how to crochet , but have no idea where to start, check out these tips that will explain everything from the types of needle to the stitches used in this craft technique:
Types of needles and threads
There are several types of needles and threads. And yes, the choice of one is directly related to the other. Depending on the thickness of the yarn, a thicker needle will be needed, for thinner yarns you can invest in thinner needles.
Crochet hooks can be made of wood, plastic, steel, aluminum, colored aluminum and even with a rubberized handle. The choice of needle style is very much up to the person and is up to you.
The sizes range from 0.5mm to 10mm and the choice of needle size will depend on the type of craft work you intend to do. Some pieces call for thicker threads or more open stitches while others call for thinner threads.
For those starting out, it is interesting to bet on thinner lines, as they are easier to work with. So, choose your thread and check on the package which needle size is the most suitable.
A nice tip for those who still don’t have the strength to make the stitches is to work with a slightly thicker yarn and a slightly thinner needle. This way you will make tighter stitches.
Types of points and their abbreviations
Crochet can be done with several stitches, but every project always starts with the simplest of them, which is the chain.
Learn now a little more about each type of simple stitch used in this manual work, remembering that, if you are starting in this art, the ideal is to learn the basic stitches well and then get to know the more complex ones:
1. Chain – corr
They’re used in pretty much every crochet job – it’s how you start what you want to do – and they’re pretty easy to do.
Learners can start with just chain stitches, until they are neither too tight nor too loose.
To do this, you must start with a movable knot at the end of the needle. Then thread the yarn through the needle and pull through the knot. Keep repeating the step until you have a “chain” in your hands. Which justifies the name of the point.
At this point, also learn to count the number of points you want to have in your work. For a test, start by making 10 chain stitches.
2. Extreme low point – Pbx
It is used in finishing parts or to reinforce edges. Very similar to the chain stitch, with the difference that you must place the needle in a chain and then make a loop.
Pull this loop through both chains, the one where you put the hook and the one that was on the hook before.
It would be a way to connect two pieces made in chain stitch. When making a second row of “chains”, the piece then has the slip stitch.
3. Low Point – Pb
It is ideal for pieces that need to be firmer, such as crochet rugs. To do this, just wind the yarn inside the stitch that is at the base and not just the stitch that is on the needle.
First make two chains and then place the needle inside the second house. Wrap the yarn around the needle and pull it through the house. Loop the hook again and pass through the other two buttonholes, leaving only one stitch on the hook.
4. High point – Pa
Suitable for pieces with a softer fabric. It’s a more open point compared to the low point.
To do this you must wrap the yarn around the needle, count three stitches, make a loop, put the needle in the fourth stitch, pull the thread. You will end up with three stitches on the needle.
Take off the first two, loop and pull through the last two.
These are the basic stitches, most suitable for those who are starting to learn to crochet. But there are also other stitches that require a little more technique such as the candlestick stitch, the secret stitch, the love stitch, the beehive stitch, the x stitch and the zigzag stitch.
What you will need to crochet
The needle and thread are the minimum you will need to crochet. But you should also keep other materials close by, such as:
- Scissors, to cut the thread.
- Measuring tape to measure the piece and the size of the starting chain.
Tips for beginners
Discover now the main essential tips for beginners in crochet :
- Before making the piece you want, work on a test piece, so that you get used to the chosen stitch.
- Go for slightly larger needles at first, like 2.5mm and finer threads. So you can learn well how to make each stitch.
- If you have a lot of difficulty with the crochet yarn, you can test and get practice with a medium needle and knitting thread.
- Practice the chain stitch a lot before moving on to the other basic stitches.
- When you feel you have more practice, practice the low crochet and the high crochet.
- Prefer single-colored threads while learning, as they are easier to work with.
- In addition to the abbreviations of points, it is interesting to know others such as: sp, which means space; pq which means point; rep, which means repeat; last, last; and sec, next.
Video tutorial and tips for beginners
To make it easier for you to understand, we have separated the video from the JNY Crochet channel with a special class for beginners on the subject. Watch below:
Now you know how to crochet ! Grab a needle and thread and get to work!
References and further reading
How to crochet:
How to crochet for beginners: step-by-step guide:
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